DEMOGRAPHICS ECONOMY RETAIL IN SMALL TOWNS TRANSPORT AND PEOPLE TOURISM
MUNICIPAL ANALYSIS AIRPORT RESEARCH REGIONAL ANALYSIS HOUSING DELIVERY PERSPECTIVE Of SA

 

Inside South Africa - Tourism

[A short analysis – Information from Statistics SA]

The Tourism Ministry publicly announces the growth in tourism each year. Much is made in the media about the 11 million foreign arrivals each year. However, it is important to note that only 2.8 million are foreign (overseas) arrivals, the remainder comprises of regional arrivals, mostly by road. The largest portion of this is Zimbabwe. Much has also been made of their contribution to our economy but if one looks at Swaziland and Lesotho, the inflow is primarily to seek employment, visit clinics, visit family, etc. on a weekly basis. The total arrivals per year, since 1984 is as follows:

YEAR

Foreign Departure

RSA Departure

Foreign Arrival

RSA Arrival

Net Foreign

Net RSA

1984

773,908

553,916

792,387

543,133

18,479

-10,783

1985

745,126

509,628

727,552

489,243

-17,574

-20,385

1986

629,371

499,764

644,502

480,077

15,131

-19,687

1987

695,844

512,778

703,351

488,072

7,507

-24,706

1988

786,940

555,743

804,985

531,763

18,045

-23,980

1989

895,822

568,576

930,393

583,429

34,571

14,853

1990

1,024,410

616,016

1,029,094

613,076

4,684

-2,940

1991

1,712,677

677,084

1,709,554

665,854

-3,123

-11,230

1992

2,875,329

848,864

2,891,721

858,317

16,392

9,453

1993

2,778,264

1,515,773

3,358,193

1,475,124

579,929

-40,649

1994

3,159,151

1,765,753

3,896,547

1,727,868

737,396

-37,885

1995

3,816,594

2,520,193

4,684,064

2,468,182

867,470

-52,011

1996

4,284,269

2,881,817

5,186,221

2,875,093

901,952

-6,724

1997

4,321,621

2,925,726

5,170,096

2,962,403

848,475

36,677

1998

5,042,420

3,362,607

5,898,236

3,408,445

855,816

45,838

1999

5,299,077

3,844,675

6,023,086

3,866,317

724,009

21,642

2000

5,466,128

3,837,054

6,000,538

3,884,415

534,410

47,361

2001

5,307,217

3,733,059

5,908,024

3,802,459

600,807

69,400

2002

5,822,136

3,793,672

6,549,916

3,849,790

727,780

56,118

2003

5,955,199

3,907,482

6,640,093

3,965,284

684,894

57,802

2004

6,093,317

4,024,707

6,815,202

4,084,242

721,885

59,536

2005

6,728,742

4,145,448

7,518,320

4,206,769

789,578

61,322

2006

7,501,755

4,338,914

8,508,806

4,317,475

1,007,051

-21,439

2007

8,022,796

4,433,492

9,207,698

4,448,832

1,184,902

15,340

2008

8,468,484

4,440,177

9,179,131

4,390,257

710,647

-49,920

2009

8,680,250

4,423,987

10,098,306

4,487,311

1,418,056

63,324

2010

9,908,518

5,164,929

11,574,540

5,125,249

1,666,022

-39,680

2011

10,725,213

5,455,260

12,495,743

5,429,177

1,770,530

-26,083

2012

11,493,833

5,030,768

13,795,530

4,971,428

2,301,697

-59,340

2013

13,198,128

5,167,651

15,154,991

5,090,060

1,956,863

-77,591

2014

13,743,363

5,382,139

15,092,016

5,311,625

1,348,653

-70,514

2015

13,704,870

5,414,362

15,051,826

5,401,696

1,346,956

-12,666



By region:

Continent of Arriving Passengers, 2015

No.

Growth (+) or (-)

Asia

251682

Australasia

118923

Central and South America

50304

(-)

East and Central Africa

66772

Europe

1318749

(-)

Middle East

51880

(-)

North Africa

14781

(-)

North America

353450

SADC

6575244

(-)

Unspecified

12671

West Africa

89249

Antarctica

1

Of the total “foreign” arrivals to the country, 79.9% arrive by Road, 19.9% by air and the remainder by Sea. Over the past few years, the foreign arrival component remained. Close to 1 million people transit through the country, either connecting to another flight or by any other means of transport. The last two years have been particularly problematical because the decline is across all continents, especially South America, Middle East and West Africa. The economies of those regions could be the factor. Either way, South Africa has not managed to become a top tourism destination for the European or North American markets. A more accurate picture is to look at the foreign arrivals numbers excluding SADC, which indicates a declining trend in overseas arrivals, currently standing at 2,400,000.


TOURISM STATISTICS (Source: Home Affairs and Stats SA)
The tourism stats are shown in detail in the attached Powerpoint Presentation.