DEMOGRAPHICS ECONOMY RETAIL IN SMALL TOWNS TRANSPORT AND PEOPLE TOURISM
MUNICIPAL ANALYSIS AIRPORT RESEARCH REGIONAL ANALYSIS HOUSING DELIVERY PERSPECTIVE Of SA

 

Tourism in South Africa

[A short analysis – Information from Statistics SA]
The Tourism Ministry publicly announces the growth in tourism each year. Much is made in the media about the 11 million foreign arrivals annually. However, it is important to note that only 2,713,133 foreign arrivals are from overseas, i.e. not from Africa. The total number of foreign arrivals from Africa excluding SADC is 172,383. The breakdown of these figures are as follows: 2,409,363 are by air and 295,000 are by road which is predominantly from the neighbouring countries, i.e. Swaziland, Namibia, Zimbabwe, Lesotho and Mozambique. There are 481,578 SADC residents who visit South Africa by air. They could be coming in for business, leisure, medical purposes or to study. The total arrivals per year, since 1984 is as follows:

Year

Foreign Dep

RSA Dep

Foreign Arr

RSA Arr

FOREIGN NET

RSA NET

1984

773 908

553 916

792 387

543 133

18 479

-10 783

1985

745 126

509 628

727 552

489 243

-17 574

-20 385

1986

629 371

499 764

644 502

480 077

15 131

-19 687

1987

695 844

512 778

703 351

488 072

7 507

-24 706

1988

786 940

555 743

804 985

531 763

18 045

-23 980

1989

895 822

568 576

930 393

583 429

34 571

14 853

1990

1 024 410

616 016

1 029 094

613 076

4 684

-2 940

1991

1 712 677

677 084

1 709 554

665 854

-3 123

-11 230

1992

2 875 329

848 864

2 891 721

858 317

16 392

9 453

1993

2 778 264

1 515 773

3 358 193

1 475 124

579 929

-40 649

1994

3 159 151

1 765 753

3 896 547

1 727 868

737 396

-37 885

1995

3 816 594

2 520 193

4 684 064

2 468 182

867 470

-52 011

1996

4 284 269

2 881 817

5 186 221

2 875 093

901 952

-6 724

1997

4 321 621

2 925 726

5 170 096

2 962 403

848 475

36 677

1998

5 042 420

3 362 607

5 898 236

3 408 445

855 816

45 838

1999

5 299 077

3 844 675

6 023 086

3 866 317

724 009

21 642

2000

5 466 128

3 837 054

6 000 538

3 884 415

534 410

47 361

2001

5 307 217

3 733 059

5 908 024

3 802 459

600 807

69 400

2002

5 822 136

3 793 672

6 549 916

3 849 790

727 780

56 118

2003

5 955 199

3 907 482

6 640 095

3 965 284

684 896

57 802

2004

6 093 313

4 005 169

6 815 196

4 084 242

721 883

79 073

2005

6 728 659

4 125 324

7 518 317

4 206 769

789 658

81 445

2006

7 501 755

4 338 914

8 508 805

4 317 475

1 007 050

-21 439

2007

8 022 796

4 433 492

9 207 697

4 448 832

1 184 901

15 340

2008

8 474 663

4 429 399

9 728 860

4 418 487

1 254 197

-10 912

2009

8 680 250

4 423 987

10 098 306

4 487 311

1 418 056

63 324

2010

9 908 518

5 164 929

11 574 540

5 125 249

1 666 022

-39 680

2011

10 725 213

5 455 260

12 495 743

5 429 177

1 770 530

-26 083

2012

11 493 833

5 030 768

13 795 530

4 971 428

2 301 697

-59 340

2013

13 198 128

5 167 651

15 154 991

5 090 060

1 956 863

-77 591

2014

13 743 363

5 382 139

15 092 016

5 311 625

1 348 653

-70 514

2015

13 704 870

5 414 362

15 051 826

5 401 696

1 346 956

-12 666

2016

      14 631 003

5 550 904

16 158 419

5 477 607

1 527 416

-73 297

2017

14 553 540

5 785 699

15 990 598

5 713 133

1 437 058

-72 566

The figures below refer to “Tourists” only who overnight in South Africa

Continent

2015

2016

2017

2016-2017 Growth (+) or (-)

Europe

1 329 578

1 525 680

1 656 176

+

North America

353 450

406 192

437 903

+

Central & South America

50 304

67 546

107 582

+

Australasia

118 908

131 856

133 713

+

Middle East

42 534

71 882

60 578

-

Asia

251 495

327 890

317 181

-

East & Central Africa

66 840

74 063

72 563

-

West Africa

89 249

97 035

83 373

-

North Africa

14 781

16 730

16 447

-

SADC

6 575 244

7,313,684

7 386 959

+

Total All

8,892,383

10 032 558

10 272,475

+

NB: Turkey is part of the Middle East according to the above.

Road travellers make up the bulk of foreign visitors arriving in South Africa. 78% arrive by road, 22% by air and the remainder (0.3%) by sea. For departures, the corresponding figures are 75.4% by road, 24.2% by air and 0.4% by sea. Most of the road entrants are from Lesotho, Zimbabwe, Swaziland and Mozambique.

The transit figure currently hovers around 800,000. This figure has reduced because of the international flights operating from both Cape Town and Durban. South Africa has not managed to become a top tourism destination for the European or North American markets. A more accurate picture is to look at the foreign arrivals numbers excluding SADC, which indicates a static trend in overseas arrivals, currently standing at 2,885,000.

TOURISM STATISTICS (Source: Home Affairs and Stats SA)
The tourism stats are shown in detail in the attached PowerPoint Presentation.